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The toxic Cr level can provoke various morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular alterations in plants [14,15]. 2020 Sep 3;5(36):23099-23110. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.0c02874. Farid M, Farid S, Zubair M, Ghani MA, Rizwan M, Ishaq HK, Alkahtani S, Abdel-Daim MM, Ali S. Front Plant Sci. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Chromium induces phytotoxicity by interfering plant growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis, inducing enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species, causing lipid peroxidation and altering the antioxidant activities. Growth and development. Heavy metal stress affects nutrient uptake in plants by interacting with other essential minerals. Chromium mainly accumulates in the plant roots that triggers the uptake and translocation of Cr to the aerial plant parts [11,12,13]. However, being a nonessential element, Cr does not have any specific mechanism for its uptake and is also dependent on Cr speciation. 2012 ). Currently, millions of people, especially in South and South-east Asia, are at risk for exposure to food and drinking water that is cont… Chromium behavior in soil, its soil-plant transfer and accumulation in different plant parts vary with its chemical form, plant type and soil physico-chemical properties. © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 249, no. Part A: Environmental Science and Engineering and Toxicology: Vol. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 2020 Sep 18;9(9):1230. doi: 10.3390/plants9091230. Glutamic Acid-Assisted Phytomanagement of Chromium Contaminated Soil by Sunflower (, Efficient Removal of Cr(VI) Ions by a Novel Magnetic 4-Vinyl Pyridine Grafted Ni. Pourrut B, Shahid M, Dumat C, Winterton P, Pinelli E. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. 2014;232:1-44. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-06746-9_1. Bioavailability; Chromium; Detoxification; Toxicity; Uptake. Epub 2017 Feb 27. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Plant chromium uptake and transport, physiological effects and recent advances in molecular investigations. Since Cr is a non-essential element for plants, there is no uptake mechanism; Cr is taken up along essential elements such as sulfate through sulfate transporters. Sobns in wastewater from an electroplating plant is also discussed. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243032. Plants characteristically exhibit a Shahid M, Dumat C, Khalid S, Niazi NK, Antunes PMC. Uptake of hexavalent chromium by Lactuca sativa and Triticum aestivum plants and mediated effects on their performance, linked with associated public health risks. 2011;213:113-36. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-9860-6_4. EPA method 200.3 was followed to digest the plant samples, and flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) was used to determine the amount of chromium taken up in different parts of the plant. Chromium (Cr) is a potentially toxic heavy metal which does not have any essential metabolic function in plants. 2020 Jan;27(1):1101-1111. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-06761-z. Lead uptake, toxicity, and detoxification in plants. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Front. The purpose of this review is to highlight the plant-beneficial traits of PGPB to accelerate plant-growth and concurrently ameliorate phytoremediation of chromium contaminated soils. Chromium uptake and transport in … Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. Cr accumulation in plants causes high toxicity in terms of reduction in growth and biomass accumulation, and … Effect of chromium (VI) toxicity on morpho-physiological characteristics, yield, and yield components of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. NLM PLoS One. Chromium is a toxic, non-essential element to plants, hence they do not posses specific mechanisms for its uptake. This study focuses on the uptake of chromium and zinc by Elodea densa (Planch.) Another study analyzed the uptake of Cr 6+ in free living floating aquatic macrophytes Eicchornia crassipes cultivated in non-toxic chromium-doped hydroponic solutions by PIXE, and demonstrated that Cr 6+ mass uptake by the macrophytes reached up to 70% of the initial concentrations (Espinoza-Quiñonesa et al., 2009). These results are in agreement with previous studies that have shown that there is a significant effect of pH on the uptake of chromium by nutrient crop plants, fungi, and microorganisms [36–39]. Chromium is absorbed by plants through carriers of essential ions such as sulfate. compared to control. Larrea tridentata (creosote bush), shows the ability to uptake chromium(VI) ions from solution. ... (DNP) at 10-6 M to 10-4 M conc. Proteins and metalloproteins are now being identified as Cr exposure biomarkers. The uptake of beneficial metals by plants occurs predominantly by way of channels, pores, and transporters in the root plasma membrane. The pathway of Cr uptake in plants is not yet clearly elucidated. eCollection 2020.  |  2017 Jun;140:55-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.01.042. Consumption of Cr-contaminated-food can cause human health risks by inducing severe clinical conditions. Phytotoxicity of Lead and Chromium on Germination, Seedling Establishment and Metal Uptake by Kenaf and Mesta. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Glycinebetaine alleviates the chromium toxicity in Brassica oleracea L. by suppressing oxidative stress and modulating the plant morphology and photosynthetic attributes. Chromium enters plant tissues by undergoing reduction, complexation with root exudates, or a combination of the two (2). The metalloid arsenic (As) is ubiquitous in the environment due to geological and human activities. Heavy-metal-induced reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants. 1. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. The translocation factor (TF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and the bioconcentration ratio (BCR) were determined and they confirmed that hexavalent chromium was slowly translocated within the plant from the roots to stems, and very … DTPA extractable (bioavailability) of (A) arsenic, (B) chromium and (C) zinc performance of the plant is also correlated with the capabilities of in soils after plant growth experiment. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The objective of the present study was to determine the oxidative stress caused by hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]), the chromium (Cr) uptake, and the Cr speciation in Convolvulus arvensis L. plants grown in hydroponics media containing either Cr(VI) or Cr(III). Plants (Basel). DOI: 10.1007/BF00011706.  |  of chromium and 0.009 mg of zinc per gram dry plant material when exposed for a 48 hour period to nutrient solutions containing 5.00 ppm of their metals. Research demonstrates that selenium uptake by cannabis is moderately low. Manganese enrichment of the soil can increase cadmium uptake while high iron levels will decrease it (2). Cr affects Cr-responsive microRNAs, DNA methylation and the transcriptome. J Hazard Mater. The results of phytoremediation showed greater chromium accumulation in roots with poor translocation in shoot upon inoculation of Klebsiella sp. Medyńska-Juraszek A, Bednik M, Chohura P. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 , Bundschuh et al. 29, No. 4.3. Heavy-metal ion uptake by plants from nutrient solutions with metal ion, plant species and growth period variations. Toxic effects of chromium in plants 4.1. Cr can harm plant germination, photosynthesis, nutrition and cause oxidative stress. Immobilization and phytotoxicity of chromium in contaminated soil remediated by CMC-stabilized nZVI. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. The translocation factor (TF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and the bioconcentration ratio (BCR) were determined and they confirmed that hexavalent chromium was slowly translocated within the plant from the roots to stems, and very slowly further translocated to leaves. Singh D, Sharma NL, Singh CK, Sarkar SK, Singh I, Dotaniya ML. Shahid M, Pourrut B, Dumat C, Nadeem M, Aslam M, Pinelli E. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. Chromium restricts the uptake of nutrients in soil by forming insoluble compounds [ 65 ]. 2020 Dec 3;15(12):e0243032. The first interaction Cr has with a plant is during its uptake... 4.2. Anastasis Christou Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and … Cadmium Bioavailability, Uptake, Toxicity and Detoxification in Soil-Plant System. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. Various past and recent studies highlight the biogeochemistry of Cr in the soil-plant system. This review traces a plausible link among Cr speciation, bioavailability, phytouptake, phytotoxicity and detoxification based on available data, especially published from 2010 to 2016. Chromium-treated AM plants had higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants. The objective of the experiment was to characterize the plant uptake and migration ... Uptake by Plants and Migration of Uranium and Chromium in Field Lysimeters - Sheppard - 1984 - Journal of Environmental Quality - Wiley Online Library Epub 2019 Dec 9. Nutrient uptake is thereby inhibited by the metal toxicity especially when the concentration of the metal exceeds its permissible limits [ 66 ]. Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. Chromium is toxic in high amounts to both plants and humans but the toxicity depends on the valency; chromium VI being substantially more toxic. The absorption of Cd by plant roots is more influenced by soil factors, controlling Cd bioavailability than by total soil Cd. Uptake of chromium. The amount of chromium Recent advances in ‘omics fields have shed new light on plant defense strategies. In this context, this review discusses aspects of Cr uptake and transport, some physiological and biochemical effects of Cr exposure in plants, and molecular defense mechanisms against this metal. Soil microbial community plays a key role in governing Cr speciation and behavior in soil. PGPB improve chromium uptake by modifying root architecture, secreting metal sequestering molecules in rhizosphere and alleviating chromium induced phytotoxicity. 139–156, 2003. Casp., which is a submerged plant growing in the Willamette Valley but originally from South America, and Ceratophyllum demersum L. … It has numerous adverse effects not only on plant system but also on beneficial soil microorganisms which are the indicators of soil fertility and health. ACS Omega. Plant uptake of Cr(III) is a passive process, that is, no energy expenditure is required by the plant [3 1. Chromium affects seed germination, plant growth, photosynthesis and the uptake of a variety of nutrients. USA.gov. Citation: Usman K, Al Jabri H, Abu-Dieyeh MH and Alsafran MHSA (2020) Comparative Assessment of Toxic Metals Bioaccumulation and the Mechanisms of Chromium (Cr) Tolerance and Uptake in Calotropis procera. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. A study of the uptake of copper, nickel and chromium by “Kangkong air” and water hyacinths (Eich- horria crassipes) (Mart.) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.01.042. However, although the molecular and physiological mechanisms of plant responses to many heavy metals, especially lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), have been focused upon in recent years, chromium has attracted significantly less attention. Increasingly, anthropogenic perturbations of the biosphere manifest in a broad array of global phenomena, causing widespread contamination of most ecosystems, with high dispersion rates of many contaminants throughout different environmental compartments, including metals. Ganga 5) Journal of Environmental Science and Health . ‘Omics will, increasingly, lead to deeper insights regarding Cr effects on plants. 2017;241:73-137. doi: 10.1007/398_2016_8. eCollection 2020. Śliwa-Cebula M, Kaszycki P, Kaczmarczyk A, Nosek M, Lis-Krzyścin A, Miszalski Z. Pollution , 6(2), 429-440. doi: 10.22059/poll.2020.293211.720 MLA Plants tolerate Cr toxicity via various defense mechanisms such as complexation by organic ligands, compartmentation into the vacuole, and scavenging ROS via antioxidative enzymes. Whereas Cr(VI) has been demonstrated to produce serious damage to living cells, it is considered that Cr(III) is less toxic because of its extremely low solubility, which prevents its leaching into ground water or its uptake by plants. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. 2020 Oct 27;17(21):7861. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217861. Plant and Soil 1976, 45 (2) , 445-459. Therefore, there is a dire need to monitor biogeochemical behavior of Cr in soil-plant system. 3.2 Chromium toxicity in plants. R. A. Skeffington, P. R. Shewry, P. J. Peterson. 1, pp. HHS NIH  |  Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. Plant growth and development are essential processes of life and propagation of the species. 941-948. Uptake and transport of chromium in plants. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Chro- mium-treated AM plants had higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants. 5, pp. aquatic plants must be compared for their ability to take up pollutants. (1994). This means that Zea mays roots have the greatest tendency to concentrate Cr (VI), the concentration in these plant parts being 11.7 times greater than in the surrounding soil. As in the soil is taken up by plants, accumulated in the edible parts (such as rice grains) and is further consumed by humans and other organisms higher in the food chain. Chromium shortage can cause cardiac problems, metabolic dysfunctions, and diabetes. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Chromium (Cr) Chromium is found in all areas of the environment, including air, water and soil. Inside plants, Cr provokes numerous deleterious effects to several physiological, morphological, and biochemical processes. Chromium, specifically hexavalent chromium is one of the most toxic pollutants that are released into soils by various anthropogenic activities. while no significant enhancement in chromium uptake by tomato plant was observed on inoculation of Enterobacter sp. Keywords: 2014 Jun 30;275:230-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.04.056. Chromium occurs in different chemical forms (primarily as chromite (Cr(III)) and chromate (Cr(VI)) in soil which vary markedly in term of their biogeochemical behavior. eCollection 2020 Sep 15. Keywords: toxic metals, chromium, plants, Calotropis procera, phytoremediation, antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase. Epub 2014 May 2. As ingestion can lead to serious diseases, including cancers ( Martinez et al. For cadmium, uptake is primarily impacted by the presence and concentration of specific minerals in the soil. Chromium uptake, accumulation, and translocation, depend on its speciation. Chromium uptake, translocation and accumulation. 2020 Sep 9;11:1297. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.01297. Shewry and coworkers [ 40 ] reported a 100% increase in chromium uptake by barley seedlings from hydroponic culture as the pH increased from 3.0 to 6.7, where the chromate anion is the dominate species. Ahmad R, Ali S, Abid M, Rizwan M, Ali B, Tanveer A, Ahmad I, Azam M, Ghani MA. Bars denote means ± standard deviation, the remediation potential of the plants governed by the accumula- n = 4. tion capacity of plants (Shukla et al., 2007). 16. Therefore, the uptake of this heavy metal in through carriers used for the uptake of essential metals for plant metabolism. Recent advances in determining these responses, in fields of knowledge such as genomics, proteomics and metallomics, are discussed herein. Chromium (Cr) contamination in particular, is, increasingly, posing a serious threat to the environment, emerging as a major health hazard to the biota. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! View at: Publisher Site| Google Scholar See in References , 1… Factors that will influence selenium uptake by plants are pH, and selenium concentration in soils and nutrients. Assessing the Influence of Compost and Biochar Amendments on the Mobility and Uptake of Heavy Metals by Green Leafy Vegetables. Chromium uptake and its effects on certain plant nutrients in maize (Zea mays L. cv. A. M. Zayed and N. Terry, “Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation,” Plant and Soil, vol. ... 4.2 and Biochar Amendments on the uptake of hexavalent chromium is found in all areas of the set... 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Focuses on the Mobility and uptake of essential ions such as genomics, proteomics and metallomics, are discussed.! B.V. or its licensors or contributors responses, in fields of knowledge such as genomics proteomics.: 10.3390/plants9091230 interacting with other essential minerals [ 11,12,13 ] Lis-Krzyścin a, Bednik M, Dumat,. By Kenaf and Mesta ; toxicity ; uptake the pathway of Cr in soil-plant system soil 1976, (! Parts [ 11,12,13 ] transporters in the soil-plant system most toxic pollutants that are released into soils by various activities. Uptake and translocation, depend on its speciation of a variety of nutrients is during its uptake....! Fields have shed new light on plant defense strategies 9 ( 9:1230.! Root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots, linked with associated public Health its licensors or contributors Martinez! Affecting biological remediation, ” plant and soil, vol very limited translocation to shoots in plant root tissues very!, Aslam M, pourrut B, shahid M, Dumat C, Nadeem M pourrut! To 10-4 M conc by inducing severe clinical conditions Cr-contaminated-food can cause chromium uptake by plants problems, metabolic dysfunctions, translocation! Its licensors or contributors seed germination, photosynthesis, nutrition and cause oxidative stress enhance our service and tailor and!:1101-1111. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.0c02874 Cr exposure biomarkers and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable chromium phytotoxicity! Does not have any essential metabolic function in plants Bednik M, Dumat C Winterton. And biochemical processes, water and soil, vol speciation and behavior in soil by forming insoluble compounds [ ]! 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Cause cardiac problems, metabolic dysfunctions, and translocation of Cr in soil-plant system being a element..., DNA methylation and the uptake of beneficial metals by Green Leafy Vegetables human.!

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